ADVERB

Advantage Verbal


hello in Farsi

Persian use "Salam" سلام for hi or hello.

Thank you in Farsi

Persian use "tashakor" تشکر or "sepasghozaar" سپاسگزار or "mamnoon" ممنون for thank you. Also, a french word- MERCI- is commnly used in Tehran and big cities in Iran.

SAT vocabulary: Claim

An assertion that something is true or factual. Claim has many meanings but SAT, it will most likely refer to an argument's main point -- what the writer is trying to persuade you to believe. More than one claim in an argument may exist, but the reading passages on the SAT will highly likely have one central (or main) claim that is supported by different types of evidence.

SAT vocabulary: Argument

Argument is the name of the game on the new SAT. In the case of the new SAT, an argument is a reading passage (with or without an informational graphic) that advances a claim and supports that claim with evidence.

mortgage

A conveyance of an interest in property as security for the repayment of money borrowed. The rights conferred by it, or the state of the property conveyed. The deed by which such a transaction is effected.

autodidact

a person who has learned a subject without the benefit of a teacher or formal education; a self-taught person. You could have presented yourself as being self-taught, the product of your own worthy efforts, there's nothing to be ashamed of, society in the past took pride in its autodidacts.

cosmology

The branch of philosophy dealing with the origin and general structure of the universe, with its parts, elements, and laws, and especially with such of its characteristics as space, time, causality, and freedom.

car donation

Car donation is the practice of giving away no-longer-wanted automobiles or vehicles to charitable organizations. In the United States, these donations can provide a tax benefit.

Some critics have claimed that car donations are essentially a tax shelter. However, non-profit organizations in the US have come to rely increasingly upon the revenue from car donations. This type of donation has become increasingly widespread; in 2000, 733,000 U.S. taxpayers reduced their taxes by $654 million.

Car donation schemes in the UK are slightly different from those operating in the United States and only established themselves as a valued source of income for UK charities, led by Giveacar - a non-profit organisation. Operating as a non-profit organisation allows charities to avoid the large overheads created by profit-making car donation companies.

insurance

life insurance: insurance that pays out a sum of money either on the death of the insured person or after a set period.

travel insurance: insurance that is intended to cover medical expenses, trip cancellation, lost luggage, flight accident and other losses incurred while traveling, either internationally or within one's own country.

assessor: a person who calculates the value of something [eg: a building, car etc]

claim: an application for payment under an insurance policy - to make a claim v.

insurance broker: agent who arranges insurance; middleman between insurer & policyholder

mirepoix

1. a flavoring made from diced vegetables, seasonings, herbs, and sometimes meat, often placed in a pan to cook with meat or fish.

2. finely chopped vegetables, as onions and carrots, sometimes with meat, often used as a bed for meat that is to be braised.

After you have removed the crayfish from the bowl, cook them quickly in a traditional mirepoix.

sitzmark

/sits ˌmark/

Skiing. an impression made in the snow by a skier falling backward. a sunken area in the snow marking a backward fall of a skier.

These Winter Olympics have been awfully confusing for American fans. Our anointed hero, Bode "I Am a Rebel and I Said So on 60 Minutes" Miller, has thus far left a giant sitzmark on the Italian Alps.

sybaritic

1. pertaining to or characteristic of a sybarite; characterized by or loving luxury or sensuous pleasure: to wallow in sybaritic splendor.

2. (initial capital letter) of, relating to, or characteristic of Sybaris or its inhabitants.

cowardly

1. lacking courage; contemptibly timid.
2. characteristic of or befitting a coward; despicably mean, covert, or unprincipled:

Examples:

a cowardly attack on a weak, defenseless man.

There was also no shortage of heroic and cowardly behavior as well as many things in between.

mauka

toward the mountains; inland.

You learned what all the island people know, about how to go mauka, toward the mountains in the middle of the island, and how to go makai, toward the ocean lying all around.

Mauka is a Hawaiian term formed from the directional particle ma- and uka meaning inland, upland. It entered English in the late 1800s.

versatile

If something is versatile, it means that it can be used successfully in different ways. Versatility is important for people as well, especially in the modern, changeable society we live in. Companies look for versatile employees who can deal with a wide range of different and complex tasks.

festinate

1. to hurry; hasten.
2. hurried.

Movemovemove! Put some order on things! Come on, Sarahhide that bucket. Whose are these slates? Somebody take these dishes away. Festinate ! Festinate !

That night he had the firm belief he would never need to eat again as long as he lived, and he wandered around in the dark, keeping his legs moving in a desperate attempt to festinate digestion

brickbat

1. an unkind or unfavorable remark; caustic criticism: The critics greeted the play with brickbats.

2. a piece of broken brick, especially one used as a missile.

3. any rock like missil

Pluvial

1. of or pertaining to rain; rainy.
2. Geology . occurring through the action of rain.

Swimming in the pluvial waters, or inert and caked over by the torrid mud, he would have discovered what he would certainly have regarded as lowly, specially-modified, and degenerate relations of the active denizens of the oceanthe Dipnoi , or mud-fish.

Nothing enters her tomb save a little moisture, pluvial in origin, and, it may be, certain mysterious effluvia of which we do not yet know the nature.

Origin: Pluvial is from the Latin pluvia meaning rain, water. It shares the Proto-Indo-European root pleu meaning to flow, to swim with Pluto , the name of God of the underworld in classical mythology.

balmy

1. mild and refreshing; soft; soothing: balmy weather .
2. having the qualities of balm; aromatic; fragrant: balmy leaves .
3. producing balm: balmy plants; a balmy shrub .
4. Informal . crazy; foolish; eccentric.

On and off and on and off until he was laughing at the magic of the running water and the chicken and bread that lay balmy in his stomach.

Imagine now, while the curtains falling, that its a fine balmy day and the smell of clams coming in from the bay.

Origin: Balmy is the adjectival form of balm , which originally referred to an aromatic resin and came to mean anything that heals. Balmy entered English in the late 1400s.

Polaris

1. Astronomy . the polestar or North Star, a star of the second magnitude situated close to the north pole of the heavens, in the constellation Ursa Minor: the outermost star in the handle of the Little Dipper.
2. a two-stage U.S. ballistic missile, usually fired from a submerged submarine.
How do you find it? There are so many satellites nowadays that I cant find Polaris anymore.
He sighted through the eyepiece and moved the index arm until Polaris sat squarely on the wire.

Crapulous

1.given to or characterized by gross excess in drinking or eating. 2.suffering from or due to such excess. They asked what she did in London and she explained how she helped run an arts festival, and it sounded fey and crapulous . So she told the story of the drunken newsreader theyd booked the previous year

peregrine

1. foreign; alien; coming from abroad. 2. wandering, traveling, or migrating.

glib

1. readily fluent, often thoughtlessly, superficially, or insincerely so: a glib talker; glib answers . 2. easy or unconstrained, as actions or manners. 3. Archaic . agile; spry.

PERSPECTIVE/PROSPECTIVE

Perspective has to do with sight, as in painting, and is usually a noun. Prospective generally has to do with the future (compare with What are your prospects, young man?) and is usually an adjective. But beware: there is also a rather old-fashioned but fairly common meaning of the word prospect that has to do with sight: as he climbed the mountain, a vast prospect opened up before him.

EMPATHY/SYMPATHY

If you think you feel just like another person, you are feeling empathy. If you just feel sorry for another person, youre feeling sympathy. Sometimes people say they emphasize with someone when they mean they empathize with him or her.

CONSCIENCE, CONSCIOUS, CONSCIOUSNESS

Your conscience makes you feel guilty when you do bad things, but your consciousness is your awareness. If you are awake, you are conscious. Although it is possible to speak of your conscious mind, you cant use conscious all by itself to mean consciousness.

Peruse

This word, which means examine thoroughly is often misused to mean glance over hastily. Although some dictionaries accept the latter meaning, it is not traditional. When it is used to mean look through it is not standard to add through to peruse. Its not peruse through the records but peruse the records.

defuse/diffuse

You defuse a dangerous situation by treating it like a bomb and removing its fuse; to diffuse, in contrast, is to spread something out: Bobs cheap cologne diffused throughout the room, wrecking the wine-tasting.

Compare to/compare with

These are sometimes interchangeable, but when you are stressing similarities between the items compared, the most common word is to: She compared his home-made wine to toxic waste. If you are examining both similarities and differences, use with: The teacher compared Steves exam with Roberts to see whether they had cheated.

offing

1. the more distant part of the sea seen from the shore, beyond the anchoring ground.
2. a position at a distance from shore.
3. in the offing, a. at a distance but within sight. b. in the projected future; likely to happen: A wedding is in the offing.

forensic

1. When a forensic analysis is done, objects are examined scientifically in order to discover information about a crime.
2. pertaining to, connected with, or used in courts of law or public discussion and debate.
3. adapted or suited to argumentation; rhetorical.
4. forensics, (used with a singular or plural verb) the art or study of argumentation and formal debate.

Farsi dictionary